GO CLEAN - - GO FAR
The world's first full sized luxury series hybrid electric car powered by biomass
MPG VS. EMISSIONS:
Lincvolt focuses on ultra-low carbon emissions as value, not MPG.
LINCVOLT AND CHARGING
Onboard charging is accomplished by generating electricity in and for an electric car with environmentally responsible domestically produced fuel. You can charge the vehicle while it is underway, eliminating electric car range anxiety.
WHY CELLULOSIC ETHANOL FROM BIOMASS?
According to U.S. Department of Energy studies conducted by Argonne National Laboratory of the University of Chicago, one of the benefits of cellulosic ethanol is that it reduces greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) by up to 86% over reformulated gasoline. By contrast, starch ethanol (e.g., from corn), which most frequently uses natural gas to provide energy for the process, may not reduce GHG emissions at all depending on how the starch-based feedstock is produced.
Much debate also exists around the lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions from biofuels due to land use change. The Lincvolt project is constantly seeking the greenest fuel possible, focusing on fuels that are carbon negative such as using waste corncobs and corn stover. As EPA Renewable Fuels Standard and California Air Resources Board Low Carbon Fuel Standard certify more fuels, Lincvolt will use the cleanest and most greenhouse gas reducing fuel available.
- The onboard generator charges the battery bank.
- Lincvolt's Ford Atkinson 4 cylinder engine is "Made in the USA."
- A Ford Atkinson 4 cylinder engine and UQM 145 KW generator creates 81 KW constant output.
- Lincvolt's generator set uses cellulosic ethanol from biomass, the fuel of the future, or E85.
- The battery is 21.4 kWh in capacity and will take approximately 6 hours to charge when plugged in.
- Charging takes approximately 60 minutes when charged from the generator and Lincvolt is stationary.
- The most economical way to charge is by plugging into the USA National Grid.
- Besides distributed wind and solar, the cleanest way to charge Lincvolt is with the generator set fueled by cellulosic ethanol.
- 50-mile all-electric range
- Up to 400-mile range without refueling
- 23-24 mpg based on EPA Federal Test Procedure (FTP-75) in charge-sustaining mode
- Recharges while underway (performance mode)
- Domestic-Green Carbon-Neutral Cellulosic Ethanol from Biomass, such as POET
- Using Ethanol fuel made in the USA creates jobs.
- Avoiding imported oil promotes national security.
- Carbon-neutral fuels are essential to reducing Green House Gases for the future.
- E85 ethanol-gasoline mix is available in many areas so you never run out of a fuel supply.
- Fuel can be custom mixed depending on seasonal and local conditions.
- Ability to charge at home from distributed solar or wind power.
- Easy and efficient to store energy until needed.
- Plug-in vehicle design allows generator to operate at its most efficient range
- Gasoline is readily available.
- 24 miles per day is the average round-trip commute in the USA. Lincvolt, in all electric "Commuter" mode, is a commuter car with an approximate 50-mile range, powered by "plugging in" to the USA power grid, and is cleaner and more economical than most conventional hybrid vehicles during average commutes.
- In Full Performance mode, a Generator Set (Ford Atkinson 4 cylinder cellulosic ethanol from biomass powered engine and UQM 145 KW generator) sustains the battery state of charge and maintains optimal vehicle performance. This preserves the full regenerative braking and regenerative coasting capability for highest fuel economy, while simultaneously assuring that maximum power is available to the drive motor.
When stationary, Lincvolt can be connected to an electrical system through its charging port. While connected to an electrical distribution system, several operating modes are possible:
- Immediate Recharge - Plug in and begin charging immediately. (economical)
- Time-of-use Plug-in Recharge - Delays charging until the electric rates are lowest. (most economical)
- Utility Coordinated - As more plug in electric hybrid vehicles are in service, there will be standards established to allow local electric utilities and / or recharge providers to provide added value to both the vehicle user and the electric power distribution system.
- Charge the Grid with Lincvolt to enable Decentralized Power Generation (DPG).
- User Power - Lincvolt can also output power to an electric distribution system or critical load. This is especially useful during power outages.
- Charge Lincvolt's battery bank with the onboard Generator Set and simultaneously supply power to an electric distribution system or critical load.
(Distributed Power Generation is on site generation, eliminating the roughly 7% transmission and distribution loss that is characteristic of Centralized Power Generation to the grid from Natural Gas, Nuclear, Hydro, Solar and Coal Power Plants.)
- Mobile power generation from Lincvolt: Plug Lincvolt in to your house or any other power hungry location
- Power your house or supply the grid with cleaner power than the USA average grid
- Never waste power. Unused extra power goes into the grid and then into the closest location using grid power, thus eliminating the roughly 7% loss in transmission and distribution of power through wires common with the Centralized Power Grid.
- When many cars use this efficient charging method of the future, the load on the grid is decreased dramatically.
In 2050 we will need to double the energy we use now on Earth. Scientists say this power will have to come mostly from Solar Energy to not damage our atmosphere. Plants are batteries that store solar energy. Biomass based fuels are one of Earth's cleanest solutions for power generation. Direct capturing of solar energy stored in the batteries of tomorrow will be the answer to Earth's power requirements.